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4/4/20 8:39 P

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You can "cheat" on the amount of sleep you get.
False emoticon
Sleep experts say most adults need between seven and nine hours of sleep each night for optimum performance, health and safety. When we don’t get adequate sleep, we accumulate a sleep debt that can be difficult to "pay back" if it becomes too big. The resulting sleep deprivation has been linked to health problems such as obesity and high blood pressure, negative mood and behavior, decreased productivity, and safety issues in the home, on the job, and on the road.




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4/4/20 8:32 P

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Eating soup before your meal can help you consume fewer total calories during your meal.
True emoticon
Soup may curb your appetite. Studies show that people who eat broth or vegetable-based soups (not creamy or high-fat ones) as the first course of a meal consume fewer total calories during their meal. In fact, study participants consumed 20% fewer calories when they started their meal with soup!



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4/4/20 8:20 P

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Your body needs sodium.
True emoticon
Sodium is found mainly in blood plasma and in the fluids outside the body cells. It helps regulate the movement of body fluids in and out of the body cells. Sodium helps your muscles and heart to relax. It is involved in the transmission of nerve impulses and helps to regulate blood pressure.



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4/3/20 11:47 A

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Taking (or eating) extra vitamin B-12 can boost your energy levels.
False emoticon
A lack of vitamin B-12 may lead to fatigue, but taking extra B-12 does not boost energy levels. A water-soluble vitamin, your body excretes excess vitamin B-12.



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4/3/20 11:36 A

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How many cups of popcorn does a large tub from a movie theatre usually contain?
20 emoticon
On average, a large popcorn (which contains 20 cups) boasts a mind-boggling 100 grams of fat—the equivalent of more than six fast food hamburgers. With about 1,300 calories, that large popcorn packs almost a full day’s supply of calories for the average dieter.



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4/3/20 11:13 A

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The US Department of Agriculture estimates that Americans eat what percentage of their meals away from home.
29% emoticon
The US Department of Agriculture estimates that we eat 29% of our meals away from home. And the National Restaurant Association says that these meals take up 44% of our food budgets. This could grow to 53% in the next few years!



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4/2/20 10:10 P

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You can develop osteoarthritis by being physically inactive or physically overactive.
True emoticon
You are more likely to develop osteoarthritis if you are physically inactive or physically overactive. A lack of exercise weakens muscles and bones, decreasing flexibility and support at the joints, which eventually leads to pain and stiffness. At the same time, over-exercising can also be harmful to the joints. Stick with moderate exercise to strengthen the joints, decrease pain and improve range of motion. Read Managing Arthritis with Exercise to get started.



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4/2/20 10:07 P

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Caffeine has been found to aid significantly in weight loss.
False emoticon
Because caffeine is a stimulant, it does speed up metabolism, but the effect is only minimal and very short term. Clinical research does not show a significant weight loss with the use of caffeine-containing supplements. Therefore, save your money and leave those supplements (which can contain up to 300 mg of caffeine per dose) on the store shelf.



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4/2/20 9:14 P

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Which of the following foods contain fiber?
F, G and H only emoticon
Fiber is ONLY found in plant-based foods. Animal products do not contain any fiber.



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4/1/20 4:01 P

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About ____% of the calories you consume post-workout should come from fat.
15% emoticon
Fat doesn't play a big role in post-workout recovery, and eating too much fat after a workout won't help your weight control or fitness endeavors. Only 15% (or less) of your post-workout calories should come from fat—that's less than 10 grams.



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4/1/20 3:36 P

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What type of rhythmic exercise uses large muscle groups continuously?
B and C only: emoticon
Aerobic exercise goes by a few other names, including cardiovascular exercise, cardio, and cardiorespiratory exercise. The word aerobic means "with oxygen". Regular aerobic exercise, such as walking, jogging, running, dancing, skiing, rollerblading, cycling, swimming, aerobics classes (both land and water), rowing, stair climbing, and more, can strengthen your lungs and heart, improving your health and helping you maintain a healthy weight. Read The Keys to Aerobic Exercise to learn more



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4/1/20 3:19 P

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How many teaspoons of sugar does a 12-oz can of soda contain?
10 emoticon
Four grams of sugar equals one teaspoon. A 12-oz can of pop contains 40 grams of sugar, which is equal to 10 teaspoons of sugar and 160 empty calories.




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3/31/20 10:24 P

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How many calories per gram does alcohol contain?
7 emoticon
Explanation
[Alcohol] is high in calories, second only to fat in calories per gram (fat has 9 calories per gram; alcohol has 7). If you drink alcoholic beverages regularly, they can contribute a lot of calories to your diet, which can slow or stop weight loss, and promote weight gain. To limit the effect of alcohol on your weight, drink alcohol in moderation (defined above) or only on occasion.



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3/31/20 10:18 P

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According to the USDA, how much of your plate should you fill with fruits and veggies at every meal
½ of your plate emoticon
The USDA recommends filling half of your plate with fruits and veggies at every meal.



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3/31/20 9:53 P

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Pilates only works your core.
False emoticon
While Pilates does build core strength, Mr. Pilates always emphasized that his exercises were for the whole body. He believed the more muscles you use to perform a movement, the more efficient the movement would be. This creates a system of functional strength that applies to all movements. The Pilates system teaches a balance of strength and flexibility, or, "the uniform development of our bodies as a whole," Pilates often said.



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3/29/20 12:21 P

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Which of the following supplements can help prevent colds and the flu?
None of the above emoticon
Although each of these substances have been linked to cold prevention in some studies, but the jury's still out on the best role for herbal and vitamin supplements. According to respected organizations (such as the National Institutes of Health and the National Lung Association), there is no conclusive evidence that supports the notion that taking large doses of vitamin C, zinc, or Echinacea will prevent colds. However, these nutrients may reduce the severity or duration of some symptoms. Always talk to your doctor before taking any supplements.



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3/29/20 12:19 P

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How accurate are 'skinfold' body fat tests that use callipers?
98% emoticon
The American College of Sports Medicine states that skinfold measurements, when performed by a trained, skilled tester, are up to 98% accurate. Because of the consistency in results, the high success rate, and the low margin of error, this is generally accepted as the best field test, outside of clinical testing, such as hydrostatic weighing.

Edited by: SUNSET09 at: 3/29/2020 (12:20)

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3/29/20 12:18 P

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Which of the following statements about alcohol's effects on blood sugar is correct.
It can both raise and lower blood sugar emoticon
Alcohol can interfere with your blood glucose control, both raising and lowering blood sugar. Once in your system, alcohol initially lowers blood sugar, which can lead to hypoglycemia (low blood sugar). Some alcoholic beverages can raise your blood sugar because of their high carbohydrate content. To prevent your blood sugar from going too high, avoid sweet wines, liqueurs, and sweetened drinks like daiquiris, margaritas, pina coladas, etc. and choose lower-carb drinks



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3/28/20 12:20 A

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Wearing ankle or wrist weights is a safe way to add intensity to your walks.
False emoticon
Avoid wearing ankle and wrist weights. They can alter your normal movement patterns and increase the risk of injury. If you must add weight to your workout, a weighted vest helps distribute weight more evenly and allows you to move more freely and normally than weights attached to your extremities.



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3/28/20 12:16 A

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Which of the following ground beef products tends to be the LEANEST?
Ground round emoticon
Ground beef products (in order of most to least fat): ground beef, ground chuck, ground round. Eye of round and roasts are leaner, while steaks and ribs have more fat.



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3/27/20 11:45 P

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Soybeans can contain more Omega-3's than certain types of fish.
True emoticon
(One serving of cooked soybeans contains more omega-3s (in the form of ALA) than some coldwater fish. Tofu, which is made from soybeans, contains Omega-3's, too, but only about one-third as much as the whole cooked beans do.)



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3/26/20 12:39 A

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Individuals who get under _______ hours of sleep per night are more at risk for heart disease, obesity, stroke, and other health conditions.
6 emoticon
Individuals who get less than six hours of sleep a night may be at an increased risk for viral infections, heart disease, obesity and stroke, with an associated decline in mental functioning to boot.




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3/26/20 12:38 A

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Antibiotics can treat a cold or the flu.
False emoticon
When you come down with a cold or the flu, the last thing you should do is take an antibiotic. Most antibiotics only work against infections caused by bacteria, so they won't work against illnesses (like the cold or the flu) that are caused by viruses. Currently, no licensed antibiotics exist for fighting the common cold. Some prescription antibiotics (known as antiviral medications) are available and effective against the flu, but only if they're taken very early in the illness.



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3/26/20 12:37 A

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You pack a lunch that contains a turkey and cheese sandwich. How soon must you put your lunch in the refrigerator so that it remains safe to eat?
2 hours emoticon
If you pack a lunch that includes perishable food items--meat and cheese sandwiches, leftovers, salads, or dairy foods--don't let more than two hours pass from the time you make your lunch at home to the time you put it in the office refrigerator. The same rule applies if you go out for lunch and bring back fast food, carry out, or doggy bag.



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3/25/20 12:49 A

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Which of the following foods is highest in antioxidants?
Raspberries emoticon
Scientists have discovered that berries have some of the highest antioxidant levels of any fresh fruits. Raspberries, for example, contain an especially high level of antioxidants--three times more than kiwis and 10 times more than tomatoes.



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3/25/20 12:48 A

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What do all three types of diabetes (type 1, type 2, gestational) have in common?
They result in high levels of glucose in the bloodstream emoticon
If insulin isn’t available, or if the body isn’t using it correctly, a person's blood glucose will remain elevated. The latter describes diabetes mellitus, a serious health condition that affects millions of people. There are actually three variations of this disease, but all are characterized by abnormally high levels of glucose in the bloodstream. Learn more about the similarities and differences between all three Types of Diabetes.



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All frozen yogurts are made with real yogurt that contains probiotics (live and active cultures)
False emoticon
While lower in calories and fat than ice cream, not all frozen yogurt is made with live and active cultures the way that standard yogurt is. To make sure that a frozen yogurt contains "yogurt" and a significant amount of live and active cultures, look for the National Yogurt Association (NYA) Live & Active Cultures seal. Without that seal, frozen yogurt does not contain any probiotics



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3/23/20 11:46 P

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Vitamin D and calcium work hand in hand to fight the osteoporosis often associated with aging. How much vitamin D do most adults need each day?
400-800 IU emoticon
Just a few minutes of sunlight a day can provide your body with ample amounts of vitamin D, but many of us spend most of our time indoors, especially during the winter months. A daily supplement providing 400-800 IU (international unites) of vitamin D can help to ensure you’re meeting your body’s needs. Learn more about eating to prevent osteoporosis.




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3/23/20 11:41 P

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When exercising with high blood pressure, what is the best advice to follow?
All of the above emoticon
When you have high blood pressure, listening to your body is important. Always talk to your doctor first. Your top priority is to neutralize the threat of blood pressure before you push yourself toward more dramatic exercise goals. Frequency (number of exercise sessions per week) is more important than intensity. For more detail and safety precautions, read Exercising with High Blood Pressure before you get started.



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3/23/20 11:26 P

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Daytime sleepiness always means a person isn’t getting enough sleep.
False emoticon
An individual has excessive daytime sleepiness when she feels very drowsy during the day and has an urge to fall asleep when she should be fully alert and awake. The condition, which can occur even after getting enough nighttime sleep, can be a sign of an underlying medical condition or sleep disorder such as narcolepsy or sleep apnea. These problems can often be treated, and you should discuss your symptoms with a physician.



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3/21/20 5:12 P

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Which type of food can be stored as body fat?
All of the above emoticon
Put simply, too much of any type of food can result in weight gain.



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3/21/20 4:56 P

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The blood pressure-lowering benefits of exercise can be observed how soon after starting a workout program?
Within hours emoticon
According to the American College of Sports Medicine, the blood pressure lowering effects of exercise can be observed as soon as one to three hours after a single 30- 45 minute workout! This response can linger for up to nine hours post-exercise. Permanent blood pressure changes can be seen as early as three weeks to three months after beginning an exercise program.



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3/21/20 4:45 P

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Choosing white turkey meat instead of dark will save you how many fat grams per 4-oz. serving? emoticon
4 grams (Four ounces of dark turkey meat without skin contains a reasonable 183 calories and 5 grams fat. Skinless turkey breast is leaner at 153 calories and 1 gram of fat per serving.)



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3/20/20 11:22 P

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If your friend becomes obese, your chance of becoming obese, too, increases by how much?
57% emoticon
Research published in a July 2007 edition of the New England Journal of Medicine found that when one individual becomes obese, the chance that his or her friend will become obese increases by 57 percent--even if their friend lives far away, and especially if their friend is of the same sex--71 percent in that case.



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3/20/20 11:21 P

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How many minutes of Sunlight are generally needed per day to stimulate the body's Vitamin D production?
15 emoticon
15 Minutes of Sunshine, preferably before Noon or after 3 P.M. could be enough to stimulate the body's Vitamin D production.



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3/20/20 11:20 P

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Exercising on an empty stomach, such as first thing in the morning, will help your body burn more fat.
False emoticon
In the morning, your body has gone 8+ hours since eating or drinking anything. Your blood sugar levels are lower at this point, and your body doesn't have adequate fuel to workout optimally. Usually, experts recommend eating something—even if it's just a small snack—within 2 hours before working out. When your body doesn’t have proper fuel in it, many problems can result, the lesser being that your workout performance suffers, and the greater being something like passing out during exercise. Some people say that it will burn fat stores, but overall, the number of calories your burn during a workout (regardless of where they come from) is much more important. Plus, fat burns in the carbohydrate flame. This means if you exercise without eating (such as after "fasting" during sleep) your body does not burn fat efficiently, or sometimes at all.



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3/19/20 8:15 P

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How many of the calories in a healthy diet should come from carbohydrates, according to reputable nutrition experts?
45-65 % emoticon
Carbohydrates should make up 45% - 65% of the total daily calories in a healthy diet. At least 130 grams of carbohydrate should be included in the diet each day.



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3/19/20 7:48 P

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How much water should you drink during a workout?
8 ounces every 15-20 minutes emoticon
During one hour of vigorous exercise, the average person loses one quart (32 ounces) of water through sweat! However, drinking water before and after exercise is just as important. Read more about Drinking Water During Workouts.



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3/19/20 7:40 P

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Which of the following is NOT a symptom of seasonal allergies?
Body aches emoticon
Body aches are never a symptom of seasonal allergies. If you experience body aches plus other allergy symptoms such as sneezing, stuffy nose and congestion, you most likely have a cold and should consult your doctor to find the best treatment option for you.



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3/18/20 4:50 P

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Which 3-oz. box of candy from a movie theatre contains the fewest total calories?
Sno-Caps emoticon
In ascending order according to calories, here's how these candies rank: Sno Caps (300 calories), Mike & Ike (320 calories), Junior Mints (360 calories), and Milk Duds (370calories). Get more movie theatre snack facts here.



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Resistance training can lower your blood pressure by how much?
20% emoticon
Research conducted in the College of Health Sciences’ Department of Health, Leisure and Exercise Science at Appalachian State University has shown that resistance training can lower blood pressure by as much as 20%. Researchers say that the healthy heart benefits come from the increased blood flow to the muscles, heart and body.



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3/18/20 4:46 P

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Your ideal post-workout meal or snack should contain about ______% of the calories you burned during your workout.
50% emoticon
Ideally, try to eat enough calories to equal 50% of the calories you burned during your workout. So if you burn about 600 calories during your workout, try to eat 300 calories afterward. Don’t worry about undoing the calorie-burning benefits of your workout–that’s not how weight loss works. As long as you're eating within your recommended calorie range (whether for weight loss or maintenance), you'll be on your way to reaching your goals.



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3/17/20 2:28 P

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Simply walking for 15 minutes per day (without changing your diet) can prevent weight gain.
False emoticon
Walking alone might not be enough to prevent weight gain. Researchers from the Center for Human Nutrition at the University of Colorado Health Sciences Center say that simply walking for 15 minutes (or about 2,000 steps) and eating a couple fewer bites of food can help you prevent future weight gain.



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For optimum health, adults should consume fewer than ___ mg of cholesterol each day.
300 emoticon
Cholesterol is a fat-like substance found in animal foods and in the body’s blood, brain and nervous systems. It is essential to the structure of every cell in the body. The dietary goal for adults is to limit intake to fewer than 300 milligrams of cholesterol each day.



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3/17/20 12:16 P

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Which of the following foods contains the most calcium per serving?
Collard greens emoticon
Collard greens contain the most calcium (357 mg per cup) of all the foods listed here. Calcium fortified orange juice (200 mg per 6 oz), almonds (70 mg per 1 oz), and blackstrap molasses (175 mg per 1 Tbsp) still contain calcium, however.



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3/16/20 4:04 P

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The frozen dessert known as 'Italian ice' contains milk, just like ice cream does.
False emoticon
Italian ice (also called Granita) is a mix of juice (or other liquid like coffee), water and sugar, usually in a 4:1 ratio of liquid to sugar. The ices are stirred frequently during freezing to give it a flaky texture. These are almost always fat-free, contain minimal additives and are the lowest in calories of all frozen desserts.



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3/16/20 4:01 P

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What is the "golden rule" for weight loss?
Calories out must exceed calories in emoticon
"Calories in vs. calories out" is the golden rule for effective weight loss. To lose weight, a person must eat fewer calories than he or she burns. For more information, click here.



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3/16/20 3:57 P

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People who skip breakfast tend to LOSE MORE weight than people who eat breakfast.
False emoticon
A 2002 study by the National Weight Control Registry, a group of more than 3,000 people who have lost at least 30 pounds and kept it off for at least a year, found that breakfast eaters were more successful at maintaining their weight loss. Another study found that women who skipped breakfast made up for it by eating more throughout the day.



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3/12/20 12:45 P

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Vegans need to take supplemental vitamin B-12.
True emoticon
Vegans, also known as strict vegetarians, omit all meat and animal products (eggs, dairy, etc.) from their diets. Because vitamin B-12 only occurs naturally in animal foods like meat, dairy and eggs, vegans must supplement their B-12 intake with pill supplements or foods that have been fortified with vitamin B-12.



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3/12/20 12:43 P

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Cold and flu viruses can live on surfaces like doorknobs.
True emoticon
When a person sneezes or coughs, droplets that contain the virus can fly into the air. When you inhale the air-born droplets, you can catch a cold. But these viruses can live on surfaces and spread that way too. That's why hand washing and disinfecting communal surfaces are important practices year-round.




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Beans, peas, lentils and oats are good sources of which kind of fiber?
Soluble emoticon
Soluble fiber is found in beans, peas, lentils, oats, and barley. Some fruits and vegetables also have soluble fiber, such as apples, carrots, plums and squash. Eating foods with soluble fiber may help to lower blood cholesterol and decrease your risk of heart disease. These foods may also help lower blood sugar levels, which is important if you have diabetes.



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3/10/20 2:17 P

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How many servings of ice cream are in a single pint?
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A pint of ice cream is not a single serving; it's FOUR servings. If you eat an entire pint, you have to multiply the number of calories, fat grams, etc. listed on the label by four. Stick to portions the size of half a tennis ball, and always scoop your ice cream into a small bowl instead of eating it directly from the container to prevent overeating.



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3/10/20 2:15 P

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Which type of fat is solid at room temperature?
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Saturated fat (butter is one example) is packed with hydrogen atoms, making it solid at room temperature. Unsaturated fat (like olive oil) contains fewer hydrogen atoms, so it is liquid at room temperature. Monounsaturated, polyunsaturated, Omega-3 and Omega-6 fats are types of unsaturated fats.




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3/10/20 2:11 P

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Antidepressants are the only effective treatment for depression.
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There are many effective treatments for depression, and antidepressant medications are just one of them. Because depression is so different among individuals, the methods used to treat depression also vary in effectiveness from person to person. For example, some studies show that exercise is just as effective as antidepressants in treating certain cases of depression. For other people, talk therapy alone is enough to put depression at bay. Your doctor will work with you to find the best treatment plan for your needs.



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3/9/20 12:10 A

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An HDL ("good" cholesterol) level of __________has been linked to lower disease risks and protection against heart disease for both men and women.
60 mg/dL emoticon
According to the American Heart Association, men should aim for HDL levels of 40 mg/dL or greater, and women should aim higher than 50 mg/dL. Levels of 60 mg/dL or more for both genders have been linked to lower disease risks and protection against heart disease.



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3/8/20 1:00 A

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Even if you eat healthy and exercise regularly, your cholesterol levels are more likely to be elevated if you are overweight.
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Being overweight increases your blood cholesterol levels since your body stores the extra calories you eat as triglycerides. When these triglyceride levels are high, HDL (good) cholesterol levels tend to be low, a combination that is associated with an increased risk for heart disease. Losing just 10% of your body weight (25 pounds for someone who weights 250 pounds), can improve your cholesterol levels.



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3/8/20 12:55 A

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Wheat bran, whole grains, fruits and vegetables are good sources of which type of fiber?
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Insoluble fiber is found in foods like wheat bran, whole grains and all vegetables and fruits. It is often called roughage or bulk because it keeps the digestive system running smoothly. This helps with constipation, hemorrhoids, and other digestive problems. It may help to prevent some types of cancer.



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3/8/20 12:42 A

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Which item is the lowest-calorie dessert at the golden arches?
McDonald's Kiddie Cone emoticon
All in all, both of these options can fit into a healthy diet. Surprisingly, the Kiddie Cone is one of the lowest calorie items on the entire menu, at only 45 calories and 1 gram of fat. It will satisfy your sweet tooth and help you keep your portions in control. The Apple Dippers, which come with caramel dipping sauce, also make a good choice when it comes to sides or desserts. For only 105 calories and half a gram of fat, you'll also boost your fruit and vitamin intake for the day. You may even be able to convince your kids to take part of this fruity dish. If you have a few more calories to spend on your sweet tooth, consider ordering the larger Vanilla Reduced-Fat Ice Cream Cone. It's more than 3 times the serving size of the Kiddie one, but still low in calories (150) and fat (3.5).



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